Astronomy B.A.
The astronomy option provides a thorough study of astronomy and astrophysics as well as a solid background in physics and mathematics. Graduates from this program have gone on to graduate programs in astronomy and astrophysics while others have found career opportunities at national astronomical observatories.
Bachelor of Arts  Physics; Astronomy Option
College Humanities & Sciences
Catalog Year: 20142015
Degree Specific Credits: 65
Required Cumulative GPA: 2.0
Lower Division Physics Core
Rule: Must complete all of the courses in one of the two options:
Note: Calculusbased physics sequence is strongly recommended.
Note: The Physics with Calculus series (PHSX 215N  218N) is strongly recommended.
College Physics
Rule: May complete all of the following courses
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PHSX 205N  College Physics I
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., M 122 or 151 or equivalent, and prereq. or coreq. PHSX 206N. Mechanics, sound, and heat. For nonphysical science majors. This course satisfies the lecture portion of medical school requirements in general physics. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 205N207N and 215N217N.

4 Credits 
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PHSX 206N  College Physics I Laboratory
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq. or coreq., PHSX 205N. Mechanics, sound, and heat. For nonphysical science majors. This course satisfies the laboratory portion of medical school requirements in general physics. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 206N208N and 216N218N.

1 Credits 
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PHSX 207N  College Physics II
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq. PHSX 205N and prereq. or coreq., PHSX 208N. Electricity, magnetism, light, and modern physics. For nonphysical science majors. This course satisfies the lecture portion of medical school requirements in general physics. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 205N207N and 215N217N.

4 Credits 
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PHSX 208N  College Physics II Laboratory
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., PHSX 206N, prereq, or coreq., PHSX 207N. Electricity, magnetism, light and modern physics. For nonphysical science majors. This course satisfies the laboratory portion of medical school requirements in general physics. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 206N208N and 216N218N.

1 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  10 Total Credits Required 
Physics with Calculus
Rule: May complete all of the following courses:
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PHSX 215N  Fund of Physics w/Calc I
Offered autumn. Prereq. or coreq., PHSX 216N and M 171 or equiv. This course satisfies the lecture portion of medical and technical school requirements in general physics. Mechanics, fluids, waves and sound. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 215N216N217N218N and 205N206N207N208N.

4 Credits 
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PHSX 216N  Physics Laboratory I w/Calc
Offered autumn. Coreq., PHSX 215N. This course satisfies the laboratory portion of medical and technical school requirements in general physics. Mechanics, fluids, waves, and sound. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 215N216N217N218N and 205N206N207N208N.

1 Credits 
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PHSX 217N  Fund of Physics w/Calc II
Offered spring. Prereq., PHSX 215N, and prereq. or coreq. PHSX 218, and prereq. or coreq., M 172 or equivalent. This course satisfies the lecture portion of medical and technical school requirements in general physics. Heat, electricity, magnetism, and light. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 215N216N217N218N and 205N206N207N208N.

4 Credits 
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PHSX 218N  Physics Laboratory II w/Calc
Offered spring. Prereq., PHSX 215N, coreq., PHSX 217N. This course satisfies the laboratory portion of medical and technical school requirements in general physics. Heat, electricity, magnetism, and light. Credit not allowed for both PHSX 215N216N217N218N and 205N206N207N208N.

1 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  10 Total Credits Required 
Lower Division Astronomy Core
Rule: Must complete all of the courses in one of the two options:
Astronomy Core: Option 1
Rule: May complete all of the following courses
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ASTR 132N  Elementary Astronomy II
Offered spring. Prereq., high school algebra and geometry. An introduction to stars, stellar evolution, galaxies, and the universe.

3 Credits 
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ASTR 135N  Elementary Astronomy Lab II
Offered spring. Prereq. or coreq., ASTR 132N. Laboratory exercises in stellar and galactic astronomy.

1 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  4 Total Credits Required 
Astronomy Core: Option 2
Rule: May complete the following course
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ASTR 142N  The Evolving Universe
Offered spring. Prereq., M 151 or equiv. Overview of recent developments in planetary system formation, stars, galaxies, and cosmology. Some astronomical observing required outside of normal class hours.

4 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  4 Total Credits Required 
Upper Division Physics Core
Rule: Must complete the following courses
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PHSX 301  Intro Theoretical Physics
Offered spring. Prereq., M 273; coreq., PHSX 217N218N. Selected topics from applied linear algebra, ordinary and partial differential equations, vector analysis, complex variables, and Fourier series. Applications to classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 311  Oscillations and Waves
Offered autumn. Prereq., PHSX 217N218N or 207N208N; Prereq. or coreq. M 273. Detailed study of oscillations and waves at the intermediate level, to develop physical intuition and mathematical skills needed for analyzing a wide range of periodic phenomena encountered in physics.

2 Credits 
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PHSX 343  Modern Physics
Offered autumn. Prereq., one year of college physics; coreq., M 273. Includes historical background for development of modern physics and an introduction to quantum mechanics, atomic and nuclear physics. Credit not allowed for graduate degree in physics.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 461  Quantum Mechanics I
Offered autumn. Prereq., PHSX 311, PHSX 343; prereq. or coreq., M 311. Introduction to quantum mechanics. Topics include Schroedinger equation, piecewise constant potential, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom, angular momentum theory, electron spin.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 499  Senior Capstone Seminar
Offered autumn. Prereq., junior or senior standing in physics. Each student will present a seminar on research performed prior to or during their senior year.

1 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  12 Total Credits Required 
Upper Division Astronomy Core
Rule: Must complete the following courses
Note: ASTR 351 and ASTR 362 are recommended as well
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ASTR 353  Galactic Astrophysics
Offered spring oddnumbered years. Prereq., ASTR 132N, PHSX 217N218N, M 273. The nature of the Milky Way galaxy and other galaxies, galactic evolution, the large scale structure of the universe, active galaxies and quasars, and cosmology, including the early universe.

3 Credits 
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ASTR 363  Stellar Astr & Astrophys I
Offered autumn oddnumbered years. Prereq., ASTR 132N, M 273, and PHSX 217N218N; PHSX 343 recommended. Detailed application of physical laws to determine the nature of the stars; analysis of stellar spectra and atmospheres; solar astrophysics; structure of stars and their evolution.

3 Credits 
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ASTR 365  Stellar Ast & Astrophys II
Offered spring evennumbered years. Prereq., ASTR 363. Continuation of ASTR 363.

3 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  9 Total Credits Required 
Major Electives
Rule: Complete the following subcategories of courses
Physics Electives
Rule: Choose 3 of the following courses
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PHSX 320  Classical Mechanics
Offered autumn. Prereq., PHSX 301, M 311. Topics in classical mechanics at the intermediate level, emphasizing Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 327  Optics
Offered spring. Prereq., PHSX 311. Intermediate level study of light and optics, including geometrical optics, wave optics, optical instruments, coherence, polarization, and special topics.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 423  Electricity & Magnetism I
Offered autumn. Prereq, PHSx 301. Electricity and magnetism at the intermediate level.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 425  Electricity & Magnetism II
Offered spring. Prereq., PHSX 423. Continuation of PHSX 423. Electricity and magnetism at the intermediate level.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 446  Thermodyn & Stat Mech
Offered spring evennumbered years. Prereq., PHSX 343; coreq., M 311. Topics in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 462  Quantum Mechanics II
Offered spring. Prereq., PHSX 461 or consent of instr. Advanced topics in quantum mechanics including linear vector spaces and Dirac notation, quantum dynamics, timedependent perturbation theory, and scattering theory.

3 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  9 Total Credits Required 
Physics Laboratory Electives
Rule: Choose 1 of the following laboratory courses
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ASTR 362  Observational Astronomy
Offered autumn evennumbered years. Prereq., ASTR 132N or 142N, PHXS 217N218N. Laboratory study of the probabilistic behavior of light, data acquisition with telescopes, digital imaging and spectroscopy. Emphasis on fundamental statistical tools, scientific computer programming, and written and oral presentation of scientific results.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 323  Intermediate Physics Lab
Offered spring. Prereq., PHSX 217N218N or PHSX 207N208N and PHSX 311. Laboratory course in the application of analog and digital electronics to experimental physics, with additional emphasis on data analysis techniques.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 444  Advanced Physics Lab
Offered autumn. Prereq., PHSX 343 or equiv., PHSX 327 or equiv.; PHSX 322 suggested but not required. Advanced experiments in classical and modern physics, including optics, spectroscopy, laser science, atomic, nuclear, and particle physics, Data analysis techniques for experimental scientists. Recommended for students entering graduate school in any experimental science.

3 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  3 Total Credits Required 
Math Requirements
Rule: Complete the following courses
Note: M 317, M 412, and M 418 are recommended as well
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M 171  Calculus I
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., M 122 or 151 or ALEKS placement >= 5. Differential calculus, including limits, continuous functions, Intermediate Value Theorem, tangents, linear approximation, inverse functions, implicit differentiation, extreme values and the Mean Value Theorem. Integral Calculus including antiderivatives, definite integrals, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.

4 Credits 
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M 172  Calculus II
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., M 171 or 181. Techniques of Integration. Area computations. Improper integrals. Infinite series and various convergence tests. Power series. Taylor's Formula. Polar coordinates. Parametric curves.

4 Credits 
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M 273  Multivariable Calculus
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., M 172 or 182. Calculus of functions of several variables; differentiation and elementary integration. Vectors in the plane and space.

4 Credits 
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M 311  Ordinary Diff Equations/System
Offered autumn. Prereq., M 273. Ordinary differential equations. Systems of linear differential equations from a matrix viewpoint. Series solutions. Existence and uniqueness for initial value problems. Numerical methods. Stability and selected topics. M 317 computer lab recommended.

3 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  15 Total Credits Required 
Computer Science Electives
Rule: Choose 1 of the following courses
Note: PHSX 333 or CSCI 250 is strongly recommended.
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CSCI 100  Intro to Programming
Offered autumn and spring. Elementary programming techniques using the Visual BASIC programming language. A wide range of primarily nonmathematical programs will be written by the student and run on a computer. (Two hours independent lab per week.) Credit not allowed for both CSCI 100 and CSCI 110.

3 Credits 
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CSCI 135  Fund of Computer Science I
Offered autumn and spring. Prereq., computer programming experience in a language such as BASIC, Pascal, C, etc.; coreq., M 095 or consent of instr. CSCI 104 highly recommended as prereq. or coreq. Fundamental computer science concepts using the high level structured programming language, Java.

3 Credits 
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CSCI 250  Computer Mdlng/Science Majors
Offered autumn. Prereq., basic computer and spreadsheet literacy; coreq., M 162 or 171. An introduction to computer modeling in the sciences using spreadsheets and a programming language. Integrates principles of math, computer science and science. A student can take at most one of CSCI 172, CSCI 250, CRT 280, and CRT 281 for credit.

3 Credits 
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PHSX 333  Computational Physics
Offered spring oddnumbered years. Prereq., PHSX 217N218N; coreq., any upperdivision PHXS course. Solution of advanced problems in physics using computational methods. Students will learn a variety of numerical methods, including FORTRAN programming techniques.

3 Credits 
Minimum Required Grade: C  3 Total Credits Required 
Foreign Language
Note: Students must also complete a 2 semester language sequence or have equivalent placement